Types of Heat Pumps

Are you in the market for a new heat source for your residence? A high-efficiency heat pump could be just what you need. It’s very common that people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but modern heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also supply cooling in the summer for year-round comfort from a single system.

If we’ve sparked your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the many types of heat pumps before you choose what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a unique kind of HVAC system capable of both heating and cooling. In the summertime, they work in a similar way to an AC, using electricity to pull heat from your home. Then, a reversing valve enables the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm your home.

In addition to this dual functionality, heat pumps are known for their remarkable efficiency. Because they convey heat rather than generate it from a fuel source, heat pumps can reach more than 300% efficiency. This compares to a top mark of 98% efficiency for today’s best gas-fired furnaces. By buying a heat pump, you’re not just picking a system that increases your home’s comfort; you’re going with a system known for sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Even though heat pumps have several subcategories, each system falls into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most frequently found type of heat pump. Installing them is typically straightforward, and these systems perform exceptionally well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a method for heat exchange. In other words, they remove heat from the outside air during the cold months and take heat out of your home during the warm months.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is situated close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump could be an alternative. These systems run using water as the medium for heat exchange, offering another efficiency boost. While less widely used than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water access, these are a worthwhile option for homeowners with the ideal environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you want the single most efficient climate control method available, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are good systems to consider. These systems tap into the earth’s stable underground temperature to provide consistent and very efficient heating and cooling. The disadvantage to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and price of installation, which often involves excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

As soon as you decide what heat pump style you would like to install in your home, the next step is to choose the best subtype. Your options include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you are in a community with dramatic temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can provide the best of both worlds. These systems come in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps switch between these two methods of operation, changing with current weather conditions for optimum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces mostly use the heat pump if there is mild weather. Then, when temperatures fall drastically, the gas-fired furnace takes over, cutting down on the use of energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Merging sustainable energy with home heating and cooling is a great way to reduce your energy bills and help the environment. Solar heat pumps function using power made by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have a few choices for installation of your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the regular setup for most of the homes already outfitted with ductwork. The interior unit is often installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the exterior unit is on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this setup, all mechanical pieces are located in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is ideal for homes or commercial buildings with limited indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also known as mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions where ductwork isn’t present. Every room can have an indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, supplying targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact units are perfect for small spaces or to meet short-term needs. While less efficient than other selections, they have the benefit of quick and uncomplicated installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If it’s time to install a heat pump, choose the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can expect a job well done every time. Our qualified technicians will ensure your heat pump system is tailored to your needs, from installation to routine maintenance to occasional repairs.

Prepared to experience home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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